Medical Evacuation of an Accident Patient due to Drunk Driving

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Medical Evacuation of an Accident Patient due to Drunk Driving


Drunk Driving - Accidents Patient Evacuation

Drunk Driving varies from jurisdiction to jurisdiction and from legal to standard terminology. The specific criminal offense is usually called Driving under the influence, but in some states "driving while intoxicated" (DWI), "operating while impaired" (OWI) or "operating while ability impaired," "operating a vehicle under the influence of alcohol."

With alcohol consumption, a drunk driver's level of intoxication is typically determined by a measurement of blood alcohol content or BAC; but this can also be expressed as a breath test measurement, often referred to as a BrAC. ABAC or BrAC measurement more than the specified threshold level, such as 0.08%, defines the criminal offense with no need to prove impairment.

A law enforcement grade Breathalyzer, specifically an Alco-Sensor IV
Drinking enough alcohol to cause a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) of 0.03–0.12% typically creates a flushed, red appearance in the face and impaired judgment and fine muscle coordination.

A breathalyzer is a device for estimating BAC from a breath sample done at the spot.

Depending on the jurisdiction, BAC may be measured by police using three different methods – blood, breath, or urine. 

For law enforcement purposes, breath is the preferred method, since results are available immediately.

In the case of an accident,  the car insurance may be automatically declared invalid for the intoxicated driver, and the drunk driver is fully responsible for damages.

The Drug Evaluation and Classification program is designed to detect a drug-impaired driver and classify the categories of drugs present in his or her system. The DEC program breaks down detection into a twelve-step process that a government-certified Drug Recognition Expert (DRE) can use to determine the category or categories of drugs that a suspect is impaired by. The twelve steps are:

  • Breath Alcohol Test
  • Interview with arresting officer (who notes slurred speech, alcohol on breath, etc.)
  • Preliminary evaluation
  • Evaluation of the eyes
  • Psychomotor tests
  • Vital signs
  • Darkroom examinations
  • Muscle tone
  • Injection sites (for injection of heroin or other drugs)
  • Interrogation of suspect
  • An opinion of the evaluator
  • Toxicological examination

On an average - HI Flying - Air Ambulance International transfers one case a week of a vehicular accident and about 10% of the accidents occur due to suspected drunk driving and are entirely avoidable.

Head Injury constituted about 33% of the cases with 9% cases as seriously injured with non-reversible hypoxic brain damage.

Long-term follow up showed that 60% of patients recovered with residual damage and 30% of patients seem to heal completely at the end of 2 years.

2% of very critical patients expired before we could carry out the evacuation for the call for transfer was delayed due to remote locations or evacuations in unreachable terrains.

For critical patient transports caused by Accidents - call us or email us at admin@hiflyingllc.com.

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